07.06.2011 5.Siwan, 5771 Erew Schawuot; Tag 49 des Omer
Every year before Shavuot, thousands of Jews of Baghdadi origin commemorate 1941 Nazi-led pogrom during which 700 Jews were murdered.
Each Shavuot, thousands of Jews from Baghdad remember the traumatic day when 2,400 years of Jewish life in Babylon came to an end.
Exactly 70 years ago, on the eve of Shavuot, some 700 Jews in the city were murdered in a Nazi-led pogrom known as the Farhud (“violent dispossession” in Arabic). Inspired by Kristallnacht, it marked the end of one of the oldest Jewish communities in the Diaspora and showed how far Hitler’s hatred of the Jews spread during World War II.
The Jews of Iraq had been living peacefully in Baghdad since the Babylonian era. By 1941, they numbered around 150,000, making up over a third of the population….