01.05.2011 27.Nisan, 5771 Tag 12 des Omer
Jerusalem has the country’s only center for severe aphasia – which leaves intelligence intact but impairs the ability to communicate.
There are few worse conditions than having a normal mind imprisoned in a defective brain or body – one that prevents one from speaking, causes words to come out wrong, or makes it difficult to understand written language. The condition – not well known to the public – is called aphasia, from the Greek root aphatos– meaning speechless.
It may result from a stroke, trauma to the brain, a brain tumor or other disorders, and can be permanent or somewhat improved through training.
Brain scans of aphasia victims show lesions to the language areas of the frontal, temporal and parietal lobes. Oddly, depending on the region affected and the amount of damage, some people can’t speak but can write, while others can do the opposite. Some can sing but not speak, or have other deficits….